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Bed Bugs

Bed bugs have made a worldwide comeback over the last five (5) years. Many times people pick bed bugs up while staying in hotels and hostels. It is not unusual for bed bugs to turn up in multi-dwelling buildings such as apartments, townhouses, and single dwelling homes. Where ever there are people are coming and going bed bugs are not too far away.

Adult bed bugs are reddish-brown, flattened, oval, and wingless, with microscopic hairs that give them a banded appearance. Adults grow to 4 –5 mm (1/8th – 3/16th of an inch) in length and are often compared to apple seeds.  Newly hatched nymphs harder to see, as they are translucent, lighter in colour and become browner as they molt and reach maturity. 

Bed bugs are normally most active at night; however, they may attempt to feed at other times, given the opportunity.  They reach their host by crawling and clinging.  They do not jump or fly.  Attracted by warmth and the presence of carbon dioxide (breathing), the bug pierces the skin of its host with two hollow tubes. After feeding for about five minutes, the bug returns to its hiding place. The bites cannot usually be felt until some minutes or hours later, as a dermatological reaction to the injected agents, and the first indication of a bite usually comes from the desire to scratch the bite site.

Bed bugs hide in crack and crevices; usually wood (i.e. boxspring mattresses/headboards).  As the population of bugs increases, bed bugs can be found virtually anywhere including, dressers, night stands, behind pictures, in wall voids, in gaps in window and door frames and the list goes on and on.

Elimination of bed bugs requires the expertise of a professional applicator.  Trying to eradicate these pesky creatures on your own is not recommended.